THE WILD TANZANIA
The wildlife in Tanzania is represented by four million wild animals that roam the territory of the country. We consider National Parks and safari trips as eco-friendly means to connect to the wild side of Tanzania
Words: Emily Georgieva
Photography: Ommy Jay, Matthieu Oger, Isabella Juskova
20 March 2020
Wildlife is a significant part of the representation of the country. There are over 430 species and subspecies of animals across Tanzania. Wildlife play a vital role for the balance of nature. You can visit a number of National Reserves and Parks to get closer to animals and pay your respect to the beauty of the wild. More than four million wild animals roam the Tanzanian lands, some of which include zebras, lions, elephants, antelopes, giraffes, hippos, kudus and many more.
Tanzania is a place that values nature. Its wildlife is intact, and this is its power. Where animal species are going extinct in other regions of the world, especially in Africa, the balance in Tanzania is steady. The Black Rhinoceros are the most endangered species in the country. However, locals are trying to protect them, and you can still see them in Mkonzami National Park. A total of 40 Rhinos live in the whole of the country.
There is an opportunity to go to a safari in the country and experience this unique way to connect with nature. Safari trips are a popular attraction in Tanzania. It stays hot pretty much throughout the whole year with January being the hottest month, so make sure to bring some sunscreen with you, especially if you are planning a visit there at the beginning of the year.
The largest mass movements of animals on land goes through Tanzania as well. You can see over two million zebras, wildebeest and gazelles move through the Serengeti and Masai Mara ecosystems. The Great Wildebeest Migration is a world-famous event that happens annually. This event is provoked by the animals’ need to go on the hunt for green pasture. This often happens during the dry season, which is the months between July and October.
Tanzania is also one of the few places on Earth to see the Big Five roaming in the wild. Booking a safari trip is a practical and harm-free way to try and see those glorious animals in their natural habitat. National Parks are also a must-see. Expect to see Africa’s last wild dogs in Ruaha National Park. If you want to see elephant herds, head to Tarangire. This place is known for the variety of elephants. Ngorongoro Crater, often referred to as the wildlife Eden, is the home of flamingos, lions and endangered black rhinoceros.
Spreading to 365,000 square miles, Tanzania is East Africa's largest country and most bio diverse one. The tropical forests, volcanic massifs and dusty savanna don’t only reflect nature’s ability to create – they are also the home of species that can be seen at only a few other countries across the world. Mammal population in Tanzania formed as the biggest one on the continent. The second-largest number of bird species, around 1500, nest in the embrace of the country. Although more than a quarter of Tanzania is protected, illegal trading and poaching are still a factor when discussing the wildlife. Some of the most ancient and diverse biological communities in Africa are located in Udzungwa Mountain National Park, which is now under the protection of WWF. The organisation is working local communities, the private sector and the government to make sure the Park stays protected.
LIST OF ENDANGERED ANIMAL SPECIES IN TANZANIA
Red Colobus Monkeys
Uluguru Bush Shrikes
Pemba Flying Foxes
Green, Olive Ridley and Leatherback Turtle